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Coffee

 
Coffee Plantations
Andhra Pradesh has non-traditional areas for growing coffee. Coffee is grown here in the Eastern Ghats, agency areas of Chintapalli, Paderu and Maredumilli of Visakhapatnam and East Godavari Districts.
The main objective to introduce coffee was to wean away the tribals from felling of forests for shifting cultivation (Podu) by providing them with gainful employment and thus to protect the catchment area of Sileru River by proper soil and moisture conservation.
The AP Forest Department had raised coffee plantations over an area of 1296 ha. as an under crop from 1960 to 1978. These plantations were handed over to AP Forest Development Corporation for maintenance. Further, during the period from 1978 to 1984, APFDC had also raised the plantations to an extent of 2714 ha. Thus, at present with 4012.18 ha., of coffee plantations, APFDC is the single largest grower of coffee in Andhra Pradesh and also in the non-traditional areas.
The following are the Division-wise Plantations of Coffee.

 
Division
Area in ha.
Paderu
623
Chintapalli (North)
699
Chintapalli (South)
785
RV Nagar (East)
902
RV Nagar (West)
1001

Yield of Coffee:
The yield per hectare from APFDC Plantations is more than 300 kgs which is much more when compared to 140 kgs / Ha obtained by private growers. In order to improve the yields from these plantations further, i.e., upto 600 - 800 kgs., per hectare, APFDC has embarked upon a programme of planting high yielding variety of coffee known as "Kaveri".
The following are the planting details of Kavery  and other varieties in the gaps of coffee plantations during the last five years to improve the productivity.
 
Year
No. of Seedlings Planted
2007-08
195000
2008-09
322348
2009-10
203049
2010-11
237025
                            2011-12                            
360871
Coffee plantations located in the agency areas are not only creating six lakh man-days of employment to the local tribals every year, protecting the forest area from encroachment, but also are providing a coverage of insurance against soil erosion and helping in moisture conservation. These plantations are also giving substantial revenue from the sale of coffee. The following are the details of Coffee yields and revenues realised during the past five years.

Year
Yield  (in MT)
Revenue  (Rs. in lakhs)
2007-08
689
794.00
2008-09
1053
1248.00
2009-10
669
978.00
2010-11
906
2013.00
2011-12
450
878.00

Coffee has good domestic and international markets. The price of coffee in the domestic market is dependent to a large extent on the prevailing price in the international market. APFDC sells its coffee at Vijayawada every year and also at Bangalore by way of auctions conducted every month from January to May / June at the address:
                       Rotary Hall,
                       Gymkhana Club Road,
                       Gandhi Nagar,
                       Vijayawada-520 003,
                       A.P., India.
APFDC  has bagged  "FLAVOUR OF INDIA - THE FINE CUP AWARD" during the years 2003, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011. The recognition for the State at International Level for APFDC Coffee will go a long way in promoting Coffee Sales in the years to come.